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London & North Western Railway Society
Glossary for the LNWR Society

Glossary Results for prefix "j"

Jeanie Deans An engine of the “Teutonic”Explain 'Teutonic 2-2-2-0 Locomotive Class' class was for several years was the regular engine on The CorridorExplain 'The Corridor'. The engine was named after a Walter Scott heroine.  
Jinty Locomotive Class Spotters’ nickname for a class of inside-cylinder 0-6-0 tanks built by the LMS in 1924-31, based on a Midland design.  
Jockey Lane Works, Warrington An “outstation” – locomotive repair workshop, situated on the east side of the line, opposite Dallam Lane steam shed in Warrington.  
John Hick 2-2-2-2 Locomotive Class A class of 2-2-2-2 compoundExplain 'Compounding' locomotives built by WebbExplain 'Webb, Francis William (1836—1906)' from 1894, similar to the “Greater Britain”Explain 'Greater Britain 2-2-2-2 Locomotive Class' class but with smaller 6ft 3in driving wheelsExplain 'Drive Wheel'. Presumably the smaller driving wheels were intended for the Crewe—Carlisle main line, while the “Greater Britains” worked south of Crewe. In practice, the “Greater Britains” took expresses to Carlisle and the “John Hicks” found their home on secondary expresses.  
Johnny Dougans Locomotive Class Nickname for “A” Locomotive classExplain '‘A’ 0-8-0 Locomotive Class'.  
Journal (1) That part of an axleExplain 'Axle' which rotates inside an axle-boxExplain 'Axle-box' and thus forms the bearing surface.  
Journal (2) Publication from the LNWR Society.  
Joy, David (1825—1903) Locomotive and Marine engineer, designer of the radial Joy valve gear, carried by numerous L&YExplain 'Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway (LYR)' and LNWRExplain 'London & North Western Railway (LNWR)' locomotives.  
Joy’s Valve Gear A type of locomotive valve-gearExplain 'Valve Gear', where the movement is derived from a vertical link connected to the connecting rodExplain 'Connecting Rod'. The vertical movement is translated into the horizontal movement required by the valve spindleExplain 'Valve Spindle' by a die blockExplain 'Die Block' moving in a slide which can be varied in inclination.  
Jubilee 4-4-0 Locomotive Class The first type of 4-cylinder compound passenger engine designed by F.W. WebbExplain 'Webb, Francis William (1836—1906)', 40 of which were built at Crewe WorksExplain 'Crewe Works' from 1897. A 4-4-0 type with driving wheelsExplain 'Drive Wheel' 7ft 1in diameter. At 9ft 8in long, their coupling rodsExplain 'Coupling Rods' were the longest in the country at that time. These engines were used on the heaviest and fastest trains on the line, until superseded by the ‘Alfred the Great’Explain 'Alfred the Great Locomotive Class' class in 1901, which were very similar but with larger boilers.  
Jumbo Locomotive Class “Jumbos” were not only capable of high speeds but regularly hauled heavy loads in relation to their small size, and so they well deserved their nickname. They were designed by F.W. WebbExplain 'Webb, Francis William (1836—1906)', and 166 of them were built at Crewe WorksExplain 'Crewe Works' between 1887 and 1901. Known officially as the ‘Improved Precedent’ class, they were developed from John Ramsbottom’sExplain 'Ramsbottom, John (1814—1897)' Newton ClassExplain 'Newton Class 2-4-0 Locomotive Class' of 1866–73. One of the most famous ‘Jumbos’ was No.790 Hardwicke. During the ‘Races to the North’ in 1895, it set a record which was to last for almost forty years. Hauling the west coast train from Crewe to Carlisle, it covered the 141 miles of hilly road, including four miles of 1 in 75 Shap Summit, at an average speed of 67¼mph, and achieved speeds over 90 mph. It is now preserved in the National Railway MuseumExplain 'National Railway Museum (NRM)', York England. Even more famous in its day was No.955 Charles Dickens. This engine worked the 8.30am express from Manchester to London Euston and the 4pm return for twenty years and so covered more than 2 million miles, a record that has never been broken by any other steam engine.