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‘A’ 0-8-0 Locomotive Class
Webb’sExplain 'Webb, Francis William (1836—1906)' first type of 0-8-0 goods engine, of which 111 were built from 1893. They were 3-cylinder compoundExplain 'Three-cylinder compound' engines with a huge low pressure cylinderExplain 'Cylinder' between the framesExplain 'Frame'. The designation ‘A’ was applied retrospectively from 1911. They were all rebuilt by WhaleExplain 'Whale, George (1842—1910)' or his successors into 2-cylinder simpleExplain '2-Cylinder Simple' engines of classes ‘C’, ‘C1’, or ‘D’. In modified form some lasted into BR ownership. View more details
Alfred the Great Locomotive Class
A development of the JubileeExplain 'Jubilee 4-4-0 Locomotive Class' class of 4-cylinder compound passenger engine but with a larger boiler. 40 examples were built at Crewe WorksExplain 'Crewe Works' between 1901 and 1903. They superseded the Jubilee engines on the heaviest express trains. In 1903 one engine (No.1952 Benbow) was modified to have four independent sets of valve gearExplain 'Valve Gear' in place of the two sets as originally fitted and all forty engines were converted before the end of 1907. See also Benbow classExplain 'Benbow Locomotive Class'.
‘B’ Class 0-8-0 Locomotive class
Webb’sExplain 'Webb, Francis William (1836—1906)' second type of 0-8-0 goods engine, of which 170 were built from 1901. They were 4-cylinder compound Explain 'Compounding' engines easily identified by their long overhang at the front and a piano-shaped casing at the front of the inside cylinders which covered the rocking levers which operated the valve for the outside cylindersExplain 'Cylinder' from the inside valve gearExplain 'Valve Gear'. View more details
Baby Scot
Colloquial name for the ‘Patriot’ class 3-cylinder 4-6-0 locomotives designed by Sir Henry Fowler for the LMS, the first few of which included components from scrapped LNWR ‘Claughton’Explain 'Claughton 4-6-0 Locomotive Class' class engines. The name came into use because visually the engines resembled a smaller version of Fowler’s ‘Royal Scot’ class locomotives.
Beames 0-8-4T Locomotive Class
A tankExplain 'Tank Locomotive' version of the successful class G2Explain '‘G2’ 0-8-0 Locomotive Class' superheatedExplain 'Super Heated Steam' 0-8-0 goods engines, with side tanks, a long bunkerExplain 'Bunker' and trailing bogieExplain 'Bogie'. Intended primarily for the steep gradients in south Wales, where they were used for both passenger and goods trains. View more details
Benbow Locomotive Class
In 1903 Alfred the GreatExplain 'Alfred the Great Locomotive Class' class 4-4-0 No.1952 BENBOW was modified to have four independent sets of Joy valve gearExplain 'Joy’s Valve Gear' in place of two sets. In the original design the outside valves were actuated by rocking leversExplain 'Rocking Arms'. The modification was a success and all forty Alfred the Great engines were modified, then being known as the ‘Benbow’ class. The Benbow design was approved by F.W. WebbExplain 'Webb, Francis William (1836—1906)' before his retirement, but implemented by his successor G. WhaleExplain 'Whale, George (1842—1910)'.
“Bill Bailey” Locomotive Class
Nickname for 1400 4-6-0 Locomotive classExplain '1400 4-6-0 Locomotive Class'. View more details
Bissell Tank 0-4-2T Locomotive Class
In 1896 Mr. WebbExplain 'Webb, Francis William (1836—1906)' introduced a class of 0-4-2 square saddle tanks for work in docks, and 20 were built in by early 1902. To enable them to negotiate sharp curves, they had a coupled wheelbaseExplain 'Wheel Base' of only 7ft 6in, and Bissell truckExplain 'Truck(1)' at the rear with solid wheels. View more details
Bloomer Locomotive Class
The most famous engines on the Southern Division were the ‘Bloomers’. They were introduced in 1851 and were inside-cylinderExplain 'Inside Cylinders' inside-frame single-wheelers. Designed by McConnellExplain 'McConnell, James Edward (1815—1883)'. See also Extra Large BloomerExplain 'Extra Large Bloomer 2-2-2 Locomotive Class', Large BloomerExplain 'Large Bloomer 2-2-2 Locomotive Class', and Small BloomerExplain 'Small Bloomer 2-2-2 Locomotive Class'.
A traditional depiction of Britannia was the main feature of the LNWR coat of arms. It seems unlikely that it was patriotism which led the former Crewe apprentice, RiddlesExplain 'Riddles, Robert Arthur (1892—1983)', to take the name “Britannia” for the first standard express locomotive introduced by British Railways.
Nickname for “D” Locomotive classExplain '‘D’ 0-8-0 Locomotive class'.
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