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London & North Western Railway Society
Glossary for the LNWR Society

Glossary Results for prefix "te"

Tea Car See Kitchen ThirdExplain 'Kitchen Third (Tea Cars)'.  
Telegraph Code Particular code words used over telegraph (and telephone) in place of longer phrase. I.e. “Servia” meant “Certainly sent you; have further search made, and wire result” View more details
Telegraph Linesman Person whose job was to maintain and repair the telegraph (and later telephone) lines or wires which were carried on overhead pole routes at the side of the railway tracks. Also responsible for maintaining the electrical components of signalling instruments.  
Tender A railway vehicle which is (almost) permanently coupled to a steam locomotive, and in which water and fuel are carried. The LNWR had fewer tenders than engines and so the tenders of engines in the works were used on other engines. This caused a horrid mess when the LMS introduced the practice of putting the engine number on the tender; also when engines were repainted in Midland red a red engine would sometimes have a black tender (and vice versa).  
Tender Locomotive A steam locomotive that carries its water supply and coal in a tender.  
Terminus The end of a railway, or a station at this point.  
Terrier Locomotive Class A class of engine used on the LBSC railwayExplain 'London, Brighton & South Coast Railway (LBSCR)' - not relevant to the LNWR at all.  
Teutonic 2-2-2-0 Locomotive Class The ‘Teutonic’ was developed from the ‘Dreadnought’Explain 'Dreadnought Locomotive Class' class, and became the most successful and, when built, the largest of F.W. Webb’sExplain 'Webb, Francis William (1836—1906)' 2-2-2-0 three-cylinder compoundsExplain 'Three-cylinder compound' . Using the same boilerExplain 'Boiler', they had 7ft 1in driving wheelsExplain 'Drive Wheel' (compared with 6ft 3in on the ‘Dreadnoughts’). The reversersExplain 'Reversing Gear' for the two outside high-pressure cylinders, and the one inside low-pressure cylinder were linked, so that the driver could adjust one independently of the other. The axle boxesExplain 'Axle-box' were lubricated by oil instead of grease, a feature introduced on the class. All except “Jeanie Deans”Explain 'Jeanie Deans' were named after ships of the White Star Line. “Pacific”, the third of the class, was originally built as a triple expansion compound but was soon converted to conform with the rest of the class.  
Third Class ?? See Passenger Class Explain 'Passenger Class'  
Three Link Coupling A very heavy chain with three links is used to couple (typically) wagons to form a train. One end of the link was permanently attached to the wagon, the other end was caught over a matching hook on the next wagon.
This loose couplingExplain 'Loose Coupled' method is easy and fast to use, but as the train can bunch up and string out, driving and braking are difficult and speeds have to be restricted.
 
Three-cylinder compound Any compoundExplain 'Compounding' locomotive having three cylinders, be they two high pressure and one low-pressure or vice versa.  
Through Carriage(s) Carriages which provided a through service between locations without the need to change trains en route. The carriages were transferred from one train to another at an intermediate station(s). This was valuable in the days when passengers were often accompanied by a great deal of luggage, but made the timetable very inflexible and created delays if any of several trains ran late.
The record on the LNWR was perhaps the Summer 12.00 Glasgow-Euston; in 1910 no fewer than nine sets of through carriages were associated with this train and it arrived at Euston with seven different portions. Through carriages from Glasgow, Edinburgh and Oban to Euston and from Glasgow to Manchester left Carlisle. Keswick-Euston and Keswick-Manchester carriages were attached at Penrith; at Preston the Manchester carriages were detached and a Windermere-Euston carriage attached. And two further portions — from Aberystwyth and Barmouth — were attached at Stafford. Through carriages were mostly phased out by the late 1950s.
 
Through Working The term may be used in a general sense – “through working from London to Carlisle began when the last section of the line was completed”.
More often it would mean a train or vehicle working from one railway company to another, such as the West to North expresses from Bristol and the West of England (Great Western) to Liverpool and Manchester (London and North Western) or the fish trains from Hull (North Eastern) to the LNWR via Stockport and/or Manchester.
 
Timber Truck Open freight wagon primarily designed to carry long loads of timber, often supported on bolstersExplain 'Bolster'.  
Tishy Locomotive Class The “Tishy” name was applied to “Prince of Wales” engines fitted with outside valve gearExplain 'Valve Gear', which operated the valves on inside cylinders. The nickname came from a contemporary race horse which kept falling over its own legs.  
TK Coach British Railways’ nomenclature for Third class Korridor (sic) coach. [K used to differentiate Corridor from Composite].