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London & North Western Railway Society
Glossary for the LNWR Society

Glossary Results for prefix "gr"

Grand Junction Railway (GJR) Incorporated 1833. Line opened 4th July 1837 from Birmingham (Curzon StreetExplain 'Curzon Street'), through Wolverhampton, Stafford, Crewe and Warrington, to a junction with the Liverpool and Manchester RailwayExplain 'Liverpool & Manchester Railway (LMR)' at EarlestownExplain 'Earlestown' (then known as Warrington Junction). Amalgamated with other lines to form the London and North Western Railway in 1846.  
Grate As in a domestic situation, in a steam engine the grate supports the fire. At its base are fire bars, tapered to allow adequate draught to the fire, and often set at a gradient so that fuel is shuffled forward by the movement of the engine. Below the fire bars is the ash pan.  
Great Central Railway (GCR) The name adopted by the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway (previously the Sheffield, Ashton and Manchester Railway) with the intention of becoming a national, rather than a regional, railway by opening the “London extension” to Marylebone via Nottingham and Leicester; it was groupedExplain 'Grouping' into the LNER in 1923. Not part of the LNWR but a joint owner, with the LNWR, of the Manchester South Junction and AltrinchamExplain 'Manchester South Junction & Altrincham Railway (MSJA)' line.  
Great Eastern Railway (GER) Not part of LNWR.  
Great Northern Railway (GNR) Not part of LNWR. Main line from London (King‘s Cross) to Doncaster and Leeds with other important lines in Lincolnshire and branches. A major constituent of the London & North Eastern RailwayExplain 'London & North Eastern Railway (LNER)', now the East Coast Main Line.  
Great Western Railway (GWR) Not part of LNWR. Minor company of “little significance”, often known as the “Great Way Round” or “God’s Wonderful Railway”.  
Greater Britain 2-2-2-2 Locomotive Class This class of ten 2-2-2-2 compoundsExplain 'Compounding' was built by WebbExplain 'Webb, Francis William (1836—1906)' from 1891 to 1894. With 7ft driving wheelsExplain 'Drive Wheel' and the same cylinder arrangement and valve gearExplain 'Valve Gear' as the “Teutonics”Explain 'Teutonic 2-2-2-0 Locomotive Class', they were a massive development of that class. Their overall length, at just over 54ft, was comparable with that of the eight-coupled goods engines. All had two-word names; each word on its own name plate on each splasherExplain 'Splasher'.  
Greenly, Henry (1876—1947) He was a pioneer of miniature passenger-carrying railways. In 1901 to become assistant editor of The Model Engineer. In 1906 he became a consulting engineer in model subjects and for many years worked with W.J. Bassett Lowke designing locomotives for miniature railways in Britain and abroad. About this time he started a monthly magazine devoted to models, railways and locomotives which ended in 1916. In 1922 he became engineer to the Ravenglass & Eskdale Railway which, under his guidance, was converted to 15in gauge. He was also associated with the Romney, Hythe & Dymchurch 15in gauge line from its inception in 1926 until its completion in 1930. His books: Model steam locomotives, 1922, Model electric locomotives and railways, 1922 and Model railways, 1924 did much to establish model railways in Britain.  
Gresley, Sir Herbert Nigel (1876—1941) After training on the LNWRExplain 'London & North Western Railway (LNWR)' and L&YRExplain 'Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway (LYR)', he was the carriage and wagon superintendent on the GNRExplain 'Great Northern Railway (GNR)' 1905–1911, then CMEExplain 'CME' of the GNR 1911–1922 and LNERExplain 'London & North Eastern Railway (LNER)' 1923–1941. Designer of many very successful engines, he implemented numerous design features such as superheatingExplain 'Super Heated Steam', conjugated valve gear and the use of three cylinders. Among his most successful designs are the Pacifics, classes A1, later A3, and A4, one member of which, Mallard, is the fastest steam locomotive ever.  
Gricer Faintly contemptuous modern term for a ‘train spotter’ or ’number snatcher’, implying a person whose interest in or knowledge of railways is confined to collecting engine numbers.  
Grid Irons, Edge Hill The inward and outward sorting sidings at Edge HillExplain 'Edge Hill, Liverpool', shunted by gravity, were colloquially known as “grid irons”, from their appearance in plan.  
Ground Frame A small lever frameExplain 'Lever Frame', either in the open or in an unmanned hut, which controls pointsExplain 'Points' and/or signalsExplain 'Signal' remote from the main signal boxExplain 'Signal Box'.  
Ground Signal A signal that is not high in the air, but placed very close the ground. Mainly used in yards and stations where low speed is the essence.  
Grouping In 1923, 123 separate railway companies were grouped into just four, the Great Western RailwayExplain 'Great Western Railway (GWR)' (the only one already existing), London Midland & ScottishExplain 'London Midland & Scottish (LMS)', London North Eastern RailwayExplain 'London & North Eastern Railway (LNER)' and Southern RailwayExplain 'Southern Railway (SR)'.  
Grouse Traffic The LNWR and CaledonianExplain 'Caledonian Railway (CR)' term for the movement of passengers and carriages to the Highlands in the period before 12th August (the beginning of grouse shooting). It was in connection with this lucrative traffic that the racesExplain 'Races to the North' to Aberdeen took place in 1895.  
Guard A travelling employee who is in charge and oversees the safe working of a train. Where the guard has no assistants such as a conductor on a passenger train, the guard is also responsible for shunting operations and the comfort of passengers.  
Guard Rail A longitudinal rail running alongside a railway track and raised in height above the running rails. Guard rails are usually found on bridges and on sharp curves and are intended to restrain the lateral movement of vehicles which might become derailed.  
Guards Van Another term for a brake-vanExplain 'Brake Van' or full brakeExplain 'Full Brake'.  
Gunpowder Van A van used to carry gunpowder, usually constructed of steel for strength, safety and security.