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Manchester & Birmingham Railway (MBR)
Incorporated 1837. Opened 1840. Merged into LNWR in 1846.
Manchester & Leeds Railway (MLR)
Authorised 1846 and name changed to Lancashire & Yorkshire RailwayExplain 'Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway (LYR)' in 1847.
Manchester Sheffield & Lincolnshire Railway (MSLR)
Later known as the Great Central Railway - not part of LNWR.
Manchester South Junction & Altrincham Railway (MSJA)
Opened 1849. Capital subscribed jointly by Manchester & Birmingham RailwayExplain 'Manchester & Birmingham Railway (MBR)' and Sheffield, Ashton & Manchester RailwayExplain 'Sheffield, Ashton & Manchester Railway (SAMR)'. From 1849 worked by joint committee of LNWR and M.S. & L.R.Explain 'Manchester Sheffield & Lincolnshire Railway (MSLR)'.
Mansell wheel
Type of carriage wheel constructed with wooden segments around a central iron boss, and fitted with a steel tyre. Superseded on the LNWR by solid steel wheels from 1913 onwards, but remained in use on existing vehicles for 40 years or more.
Mansion House Tank Locomotive Class
Type of locomotive used on the sub-surface lines of the District Railway in London during the days of steam traction, and fitted with condensing apparatus enabling the locomotive to (partially) consume its own steam and smoke.
Marshall, John
Author of “Biographical Dictionary of Railway Engineers” 2nd Edition Pubished by Railway & Canal Historical Society, 2000, ISBN 0-9014641-22-9.
Marshalling Circular
The LNWR instructions, amended at each change of timetables, on how express trains were to be marshalled — the type of vehicles, the company owning them, and where through portions were attached, detached and slippedExplain 'Slip Coach'.
Maryport & Carlisle Railway (MCR)
An independent railway serving the two locations in its title. It made an end-on junction at its south end with the Whitehaven Junction RailwayExplain 'Whitehaven Junction Railway (WJR)', which was later taken over by the LNWR. It was the first railway in the region, and gained its Act on 12th June 1837. The line was opened in stages, being opened throughout on 10th February 1845. It had a distinctive range of rolling stock; many of its engines were built by them at Maryport.
McConnell, James Edward (1815—1883)
Locomotive SuperintendentExplain 'Locomotive Superintendent' of LNWR Southern Division from 1847—1862. Oversaw the design of BloomerExplain 'Bloomer Locomotive Class' and PatentExplain 'Patent 2-2-2 Locomotive Class' locomotives.
Meat Van
A covered goods van, and unlike a Fish Van not normally NPCSExplain 'Non-Passenger Coaching Stock (NPCS)' rated, intended for the conveyance of dead meat by (express) goods train. The carcasses were hung from hooks in the ceiling.
Mechnical Instruction Class (MIC)
??
Merchandise Wagon
A goods wagon intended for the conveyance of merchandise as opposed to minerals, and hence fitted with side doors only and not possessing either end or bottom doors.
Mersey Railway
An underground railway between Birkenhead and Liverpool Central (Low Level), opened in 1886, and extended to Rock Ferry, on the Birkenhead RailwayExplain 'Birkenhead Railway' line to Chester, in1891; it also made an end-on connection with the Wirral RailwayExplain 'Wirral Railway' at Birkenhead Park and through trains ran between West Kirby and Liverpool (in Stygian conditions) until the Mersey Railway lines were electrified in 1903. Thereafter trains from the Wirral lines terminated at Birkenhead Park. The Mersey Railway remained independent at the groupingExplain 'Grouping' but through workingsExplain 'Through Working' to the West Kirby and New Brighton branches recommenced when the LMSExplain 'London Midland & Scottish (LMS)' electrified those lines in 1938.
Metropolitan Tank 4-4-0T Locomotive Class
In 1871 16 4-4-0 tank enginesExplain 'Tank Locomotive' were ordered from Beyer Peacock. They were fitted with condensing apparatus and were intended to work suburban services in the London area.
Midland Railway (MR)
Not part of LNWR
Mile Post
All railways were required to erect mileposts (and quarter, half and three-quarter mile posts) along the track, with the mileage measured from some datum, normally Euston in the case of the LNWR. North of the Liverpool and Manchester main line, Parkside No 1 was the datum. LNWR posts were mostly wood (a few concrete) and as a result few survived into the post-steam era. The mileposts helped train crews check their location and provided means of identifying the precise location of a signal, telegraph pole or other object (miles, chains, yards).
Milk Traffic
??
Milk Truck
A van for carrying milk churns.
Milk Van
Normally NPCSExplain 'Non-Passenger Coaching Stock (NPCS)' rated, a covered van intended for the conveyance of milk in churns. At one time this was a very important traffic and required rapid transit from country stations to the towns and cities.
Mineral Wagon
An open wagonExplain 'Wagon' designed for carrying minerals in loose form such as coal or ore. Often fitted with bottom doorsExplain 'Bottom Doors' and/or sometimes an end doorExplain 'End-door wagon'.
Mixed gauge
A railway line with more than two running rails, enabling trains designed for more than one track-gaugeExplain 'Gauge' to use the line.
Mixed Goods
A freight train with a range of types of wagon in tow.
Mixed Traffic Locomotive
A locomotive suitable for use on both passenger and freight trains.
Mixed Train
A train with both passenger-carrying vehicles and goods wagons, not normally found after about 1912. It was convenient to marshal goods wagons in front of the passenger carriages, to allow them to be detached more easily at intermediate stations, but because goods vehicles were usually without automatic brakes this practice was eventually forbidden by the Board of Trade.
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